Hi students,

On the right sidebar there are 3 videos about Rodrigo Díaz de newVivar, better-known as “The Cid Campeador”, which means “Victorious Lord”.   I have also included a brief biographical text . Read it and watch the videos for next Thurday, and we will comment on them in class.


Francisco M.



Rodrigo Díaz de Vivar, known as El Cid Campeador, is Burgos’ most universal figure. When examining the life of El Cid, a distinction must be drawn between two figures: the historic figure, about which there is a fair amount of information, and the literary figure created by the Poema de Mío Cid and by the Romancero. The historic El Cid was born around 1048. According to tradition, he was born in the nearby town of Vivar del Cid, though there is no reliable testimony. In his youth, he developed a friendship with the future king Sancho II, of whom he was a faithful vassal from 1065 to 1072. Upon the king’s death, he immediately entered the service of Alfonso VI, and carried out different missions under the orders of the monarch. His good relationship with the king ended in 1081 when he attacked the Muslim lands of Toledo with his private army without the consent of the king. The incident sent him into exile, which forced him to live off of his military skills in foreign lands, first under the Muslim king of the taifa of Zaragoza, and following his reconciliation with Alfonso VI in 1087 and after several months of direct service to his king in Castilla, in Levante where he spent the last twelve years of his life, first as the delegate of the Castilian king, and after being taken prisoner in 1088, in a second exile, as an independent warrior and prince of the Muslim kingdom of Valencia, in whose capital he died in 1099.